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Noah: The Flood and the Rainbow
Video 4 of 22
We had ended really over here on the sixth day, and what I want to do with you today is look at the sixth day a little bit more closely - the sixth day, that is, of creation, over here, Day number 6. What exactly happens on this, so to speak, day of creation? So as we talked about before, mankind is created. Before mankind is created animals are created. We mentioned before how both of these events find their parallel over here in something that seems to be approaching a sixth day in Noah's world, when man and animals come out of the ark.
But I think if we look a little bit more closely at the sixth day we'll actually find that something else happens on this day as well, and it will be intriguing to see if that something else also has a parallel in sort of Noah's version of the sixth day, over here in the post-flood world. So what else happens on the sixth day of creation? If you look at the original sixth day you'll find that G-d makes a speech to mankind on the sixth day. Not only does He create mankind and animals, but G-d actually speaks to mankind and animals. So let's take a look at this speech and see what gets said. Let's just catalog what it is that gets said here and it will be intriguing to ask ourselves, if it's really true that there are parallels linking everything that we've seen to Noah's world, to this re-created world, so that the worlds of creation and the worlds of re-creation are kind of linked, is there a speech that G-d makes over here in Noah's world as well?
So let's first look at this speech over here in the world of creation, in Genesis Chapter 1, and just catalog what gets said over here. Let's outline the elements over here. Element number 1, G-d blessed them; Vayevarech otam Elokim, Vayomer lahem Elokim pru u'revu - G-d speaks to mankind and says; Pru u'revu - the famous Biblical be fruitful and multiply; U'mile'u et ha'aretz - and fill the earth; Vekivshuha - and conquer it and - translated over here, and subdue it and conquer it. U'redu b'degas hayam ub'ohf hashomayim, u'bchol chayah haromesess al ha'aretz - conquer it seems to be defined over here that mankind is going to have dominion over three kind of species, beings, underneath him. One is the fish, one is the birds and one is the animals - terrestrial animals. So you have sea life, aquatic life, you have terrestrial life, and you have avian life and mankind is master over all of these.
So element number 1, be fruitful and multiply, element number 2, mankind has dominion over the entire animal world.
That brings us to the next verse over here, G-d says, behold - Vayomer Elokim hinei natati lachem - behold I've given you; Et kol eisev zore'ah zerah asher al pnei kol ha'aretz - all vegetation - we talked over here about dominion over the animal world, now we're actually going to start talking about beneath the animal world, the vegetative world, the world of plants. So G-d says, not only do you have dominion over the animal world but you have dominion over the plant world. I've given you all plants; V'et kol ha'etz asher bo pri etz - and all fruit trees that bear fruit; Zore'ah zorah - that yield seeds; Lachem yiheye l'ochlah - you can eat them. One of the things which we'll want to come back to a little bit later is that over and over again in these verses we keep on talking about these seeds; the plants that give seeds, the fruits that give seeds, why is the yielding seeds like such a big deal over here? So we're going to come back to that and explore that a little bit more.
But in the meantime what is it that's being said over here? So what's being said is that not only are you going to have dominion over animals, but here we get into what it is you're going to eat, you're going to eat vegetation. Or, another way of thinking of that is that your dominion, your power over the world below you, over other life, extends not just over the animal world but over the vegetative world. If you think about it, we have even more power over the vegetative world than we have over the animal world. Because there's sort of an implication here if you look at number 3, that you will eat vegetation; Behold I have given you every herb-yielding seed, to you it shall be for food. Back over here when we talked about dominion over the animal world there was no mention that the animals were food. The implication is that the animals are not food, which means that you can work them, you can use them as things to plough your field or things like that, but you don't have complete dominion over them, they're not food. So vegetation is food - Adam was a vegetarian, he was not allowed to eat animals. So dominion over animals does not include food.
So that brings us to the fourth element over here; To every beast of the earth or to every fowl of the air, to every creeping upon the earth, I have given every green herb for food. Et kol yerek eisev l'ochlah - have given all the Yerek Eisev. I want you just to pay attention to this word over here, specific word for vegetation, Yerek Eisev. Yerek usually translated as vegetation over here, you can just as easily translate it has herb if you wanted. Eisev - I don't know if I translate that as green, maybe. Eisev really means grasses. I have given animals and you all grass-like vegetation for food. If you think about what verse 30 says, it says that not only really have I given you vegetation to eat, mankind, but; U'lchol chayas ha'aretz - but also to every beast of the field. Also to all of the animals I have given them, and to the birds I have given them, anything that lives I have given them vegetation too.
So the fourth idea here is animals eat vegetation too and perhaps if you think about how these connect, this last idea seems almost to modify this idea. You'll eat vegetation but guess what, animals are going to eat vegetation too, so sort of save some for them, it's a shared resource and therefore you can't just hog all the vegetation for yourself, animals have to eat some too.
So if you just think about how these hang together; be fruitful and multiply, this is kind of giving man an expansive power over the world, he's going to be the one who can reproduce at will, be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth; Mile'u et ha'aretz. You can really populate the earth, ultimately mankind - Adam - is going to have hundreds, thousands, millions of descendants, and those descendants - again expansion, another expansive piece over here - are going to have dominion over animals. Except there are some rules, not complete dominion, you're not going to be able to eat them, they are not food. Instead, you're going to eat vegetation, you'll have even more dominion over vegetation, but even the vegetation you will not have complete dominion of because you need to save some. Save some for the animals, the animals are going to eat vegetation too.
So these are really the four elements of this speech and I think the interesting question is, is there any analogy to this speech, and if so, any analogy to these four elements of the speech, in Noah's world, in the world after the flood, the world which we've been describing as re-creation? So in other words, going back to our little diagram here, when we look at the creation story we find that the creation story includes on the sixth day not just the creation of man and animals, but also a speech, and a speech with four distinct elements. So the really intriguing question is, is there any sort of thing like this - is there a sixth day, so to speak, like this, in the world that we've been calling re-creation? This new world, this process of creating, we've seen everything else here seems to be mirrored, all the other events, when we get to the sixth day, we saw that the creation of man and animals were mirrored on the sixth day. So the question is what about this speech, are there mirrors to this speech as well on the sixth day?
I want you to look at that, take a look at the beginning of Chapter 9, see what you find. See if you can plot it out. Let's come back and compare notes.
1. Water, Water Everywhere
2. Parallel Universes
4. The Sixth Day
5. Brave New World
6. Noah's World
7. Is There a 'Sabbath' in Noah's World?
8. Sabbath Echoes
9. Rainbows Have Seven Colors
10. A Bow In the Clouds
12. Chiasms: More Than Just a Pretty Face
13. Colors of the Rainbow
14. Numeric Centers; Thematic Centers
15. Taking Stock: Where Are We Now?
16. Sabbath's Center
17. How Tiring Was It To Create a World?
18. Rest As the Purpose of Work?
19. Positive Rest
20. What If a Parent Never Lets Go?
21. Conclusion: Two Ways to Destoy a World
22. Epilogue: Why the Rainbow Covenant is a Two-Way Street (Premium)
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