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Noah: The Flood and the Rainbow
Video 15 of 22
That has culminated in G-d's seventh day, which we call the Sabbath, and leading us right up over here in Noah's world to the rainbow covenant, which we've been talking about recently. What we found is that once we got up to the seventh day and the rainbow covenant that there were again links between the idea of Sabbath and the idea of the rainbow covenant. But the links did not take us in between these two pieces of text; Genesis Chapter 1 and Genesis Chapter 8, but strangely there were links between the rainbow covenant and Sabbath, but a different Sabbath. In the story before the Golden Calf episode in Exodus 31, there's this little story, this little episode of the Jews keeping the Sabbath, and we found that if you looked at that story and you looked at the rainbow covenant, you found this whole series of intertextual links between them. So for some reason the Bible over here seems to leap - instead of these connections going back to Genesis Chapter 1, it seems to leap forward somehow into the Book of Exodus.
Which, by the way, kind of makes you wonder - and this is something which maybe we'll address later - whether we might be seeing the tip of iceberg, is there something going on over here? Which is to say, the same way that we're seeing connections between the rainbow covenant and the Israelites keeping the Sabbath, are there other connections which we're missing, kind of, over here? In other words, is this world of Noah's world develop - in other words, maybe we're only seeing two worlds over here? Maybe this is kind of world number 1, this is world number 2, could this be kind of a third world, where there is this whole series of connections, we just haven't seen them all yet, linking all of this stuff over here? Really an interesting kind of question, beyond the scope of what we're talking about now.
Let's just accept the data right now, and the data is, is that this little story over here; Israel keeping the Sabbath, seems to be linked to the idea of rainbow covenant. We saw that - if we just put the two texts up on the screen - and I'm just going to do that in Hebrew for you for a moment. If we just put the two texts up on the screen, there's this parallel language that seems to appear in both of these stories. Words like, covenant, sign, for generations, between you and me, forever. If you just look at it in Hebrew for a moment, even if you're not a Hebrew reader, I'm just going to color code those words, you see how this whole plethora of words that appear over here in the story of the rainbow, is appearing again over here in the story of the Sabbath in Exodus 31.
So the great question at this point, I think, is, having seen all these intertextual links between these two stories, we've now seen something else too. We've been looking at the rainbow covenant itself and we've noticed that this is arranged in a very fascinating kind of way, it's arranged with chiastic structure, this kind of X structure which we saw before. X with a defined center. We went through and we color coded that, and we defined that X. Now, I guess, the real question is, if everything over here, everything in this world, seems to be getting paralleled in this world, and then once we get up to the Sabbath we again see parallels and we see that the Sabbath is arranged in this very particular kind of way, with this elegant chiastic structure, inquiring minds want to know, is what the rainbow covenant is linked to - which is over here, this episode of Israel keeps the Sabbath - is that also structured chiastically? Does it have that same sort of X pattern?
Why would we care? Well we'd care a lot because again what is it that we know about a chiasm? It focuses you on the center. Well if we can identify a center for the rainbow, and if it's true that the Sabbath also - it could be kind of fascinating if the Sabbath also had that same kind of structure. But let's say it did, if it did and we can identify a center over here, the next question is, well if there's a center over here to the Sabbath and there's a center over here in the rainbow, how do these centers correlate with one another? Do they correlate with one another?
In other words, getting back to our binoculars analogy, if what's happening in intertextuality is that we're getting sort of a stereovision look at a concept, if we want to understand what the Sabbath is we need to understand the reflections of the Sabbath in Noah's world, we need to understand the rainbow. We might be getting hints at that understanding by these chiasms. In other words, if the Sabbath is structured in this way where I can - X marks the spot - where I can define that center of the Sabbath, and rainbow is structured in a way where I can define the center of rainbow, then the question of how rainbow is shedding light on the meaning of Sabbath may all boil down to the question of how these two centers interrelate with one another. Is there any relationship between them?
But we are getting ahead of ourselves because all of this presupposes that the Sabbath in Exodus 31 is in fact structured chiastically - something which we have absolutely no evidence for right now. Is there a chiasm lurking in this Sabbath story? The next thing we're going to do is actually look at that - let's take a quick look at the Sabbath, a close look at the Sabbath, and see do we see that kind of structure? It would be kind of neat if we do. I'll see you back next video and let's talk about it.
1. Water, Water Everywhere
2. Parallel Universes
4. The Sixth Day
5. Brave New World
6. Noah's World
7. Is There a 'Sabbath' in Noah's World?
8. Sabbath Echoes
9. Rainbows Have Seven Colors
10. A Bow In the Clouds
12. Chiasms: More Than Just a Pretty Face
13. Colors of the Rainbow
14. Numeric Centers; Thematic Centers
15. Taking Stock: Where Are We Now?
16. Sabbath's Center
17. How Tiring Was It To Create a World?
18. Rest As the Purpose of Work?
19. Positive Rest
20. What If a Parent Never Lets Go?
21. Conclusion: Two Ways to Destoy a World
22. Epilogue: Why the Rainbow Covenant is a Two-Way Street (Premium)
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