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Noah: The Flood and the Rainbow
Video 9 of 22
So to do that we need to look at the text carefully and again look for language parallels between these sections of verses. What I want to suggest to you is that significant language parallels do exist. There is parallel language connecting the Torah's description of the rainbow and its description of the Sabbath, and it appears in the following words which I'm just going to color code for you. The word for covenant, the word for sign, the word for generations, between you and Me and forever. This is like a series of code words which are going to appear and link and connect these two sections of text. In Hebrew these words - if you're reading this in Hebrew - this word is going to be Brit, the word for covenant. Sign is going to be Ot - this is what you're going to be looking for. For generations is going to be L'dorot Olam - generations forever. Between you and Me is going to be Beini U'bein. Forever - L'olam. This is what we're looking for, let's see what we find.
Okay, so I've done it for you in Hebrew, I'm actually just going to color code these for you in Hebrew. If you know Hebrew that's fine, if you don't, just bear with me, you'll kind of get the gist of what it is that I'm saying. Here's the Hebrew for the rainbow in Genesis 9 on top over here, and here's the Hebrew for the Sabbath in Exodus 31, and if you just take those colors, which we talked about before, the purple, the blue, the aqua, the green, the pink, and superimpose them back here, here's what you find.
Really pretty remarkable. You can see how saturated this text is with this sort of intertextual relationship. All of these - all these purples these are all Brits, these are all covenants, repeated over and over again in the story - paralleling this Brit over here in the Sabbath story. Beini U'beineichem - a covenant between you and between Me. Even something which I haven't mentioned to you before, the word cut off, over here, over here; Venichratah - to be cut off. L'dorot olam, beini u'bein Bnei Yisrael, ot hi l'olam - all of this language is getting paralleled in the rainbow. When you're listening to the rainbow covenant being read it sounds like you're listening to this. It's just the same words.
Just to kind of summarize; the Sabbath is described as a sign between you and Me for generations. Anybody who doesn't keep the sign will be cut off from amongst their nation. Again it's going to be a covenant for generations between Me and the entire Jewish people forever, a sign forever. So all of this language, again you're going to be hearing echoes in the rainbow. V'ani hineni meikim et briti - I'm going to establish my covenant. I'm going to establish my covenant again with the all flesh. Loh yikaret - they will not be cut off. There's that word for cut off. Will not cut off all flesh any more with another flood. It's going to be a sign of a covenant between Me and between all of Nefesh Chayah - between Me and all the animals. L'dorot olam - for generations forever, as a sign, as a covenant. I'm going to remember My covenant between Me and between you, a covenant forever, a sign of a covenant. All of this language, it's like these code words that are re-appearing and it's kind of remarkable.
Again, it really does seem that over here in Exodus when the Israelites are commanded to keep the Sabbath, we're hearing, over and over again, these echoes of the rainbow covenant.
The question now of course is what does it mean? How do we understand the meaning of this connection between the ideas of Sabbath and rainbow? How does this connection help us understand what the rainbow covenant is but also understand what the Sabbath is?
Again, to use that binocular vision analogy, how does this give us a depth of field in understanding what both the rainbow covenant and Sabbath covenant are really all about, that they should be considered kind of reflections of each other? The reflection of the Sabbath in Noah's world is a rainbow, why?
We'll begin to talk about that when we come back next time, I'll see you then.
1. Water, Water Everywhere
2. Parallel Universes
4. The Sixth Day
5. Brave New World
6. Noah's World
7. Is There a 'Sabbath' in Noah's World?
8. Sabbath Echoes
9. Rainbows Have Seven Colors
10. A Bow In the Clouds
12. Chiasms: More Than Just a Pretty Face
13. Colors of the Rainbow
14. Numeric Centers; Thematic Centers
15. Taking Stock: Where Are We Now?
16. Sabbath's Center
17. How Tiring Was It To Create a World?
18. Rest As the Purpose of Work?
19. Positive Rest
20. What If a Parent Never Lets Go?
21. Conclusion: Two Ways to Destoy a World
22. Epilogue: Why the Rainbow Covenant is a Two-Way Street (Premium)
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