Next Video Playing In ×
Noah: The Flood and the Rainbow
Video 14 of 22
So here's the beginning and the end of the text. In the beginning you've got a covenant that G-d is establishing with all flesh. And we talked before about at the end G-d says here's the covenant that I have established with all flesh. Then the next one which I'm just going to indent a little bit, G-d says, I'll establish a covenant, there will never again be another flood to destroy all life. We talked about all these themes, over here; I'll establish a covenant that there's never again going to be another flood to destroy all life, and we get those same themes with the difference over here that G-d is going to remember the covenant that there is never again going to be another flood to destroy all life. This is the beige section over here.
Then you've got the green section where G-d says; Zot ot habrit - He shows Noah the sign of the covenant, an everlasting covenant between and G-d and all flesh, you have that same kind of language down below when G-d will show for Himself a sign of the everlasting covenant. Instead of showing Noah the covenant, G-d is going to show for Himself the sign of the covenant that He will remember it. Again, an everlasting covenant between G-d and all flesh.
Then we have the next theme over here - the sort of light purple - I'll set My bow in the clouds actually corresponding to this dark purple, sorry for the difference over here. Then in the past tense the bow that G-d has set in the clouds will be seen.
Then what I call the center over here which will be a covenant between Me and the earth whenever I bring clouds upon the earth, these are the words that are right here at the center.
So I mentioned to you that there's another elegant aspect to this chiasm and I want to show that you right now. Which is, in addition to all of these themes which we've been talking about before, this center is central in another very fascinating kind of way as well, a kind of numeric way. There's a numeric element to this chiasm which is really pretty neat, and I just want to show it to you, it's just kind of fun.
So in order to see it, we have to sort of do a little bit of counting, so we're going to count and we're going to begin with the center. If you look at the center of the chiasm you'll look at a number of words that are significant in the center - when I mean significant words I don't mean words like it shall be or something like that, but particular words. Here; Vehayta l'ot brit - so one of those words is Ot, which is going to be a sign. Another word, [there's this 2:41] going to be a covenant - Brit. Another word is going to be Aretz - land. Then the words over here for clouds. These are like the significant words. I'm just going to box those out for you.
Okay so here we've got a blue word, a green word, red word, a purple word; token or sign, covenant, earth, clouds, and let's take a look at those words as they appear elsewhere in this rainbow text and you'll find kind of a really interesting thing. Basically what you find is that these words in the center do appear elsewhere in the larger rainbow text a number of times. Let's take a look at the appearances of covenant - that was one of those words in the center, where are all the covenants? So if we just kind of number them out, here's what you find. Okay there are seven covenants. Right over here, one, two - right, all of these are the times that you find covenant in the text. If you're reading this in Hebrew, you'll see the same thing in Hebrew, the word you're looking for is Brit. So these are all the Brits over here. So there's seven of them. Okay, interesting, you know, seven colors of the rainbow, seven Brits, okay, fine.
Anyway, so what about those other words? Remember we had Aretz - we had land, so if we look back over here at the occurrences of land - at Aretz - earth, so you're also going to find that there's seven earths. One, two - you can count these out yourself, but these are the seven earths and you'll see the same thing on the Hebrew side, the word you're going to be looking for is Aretz and these are all the Aretzs over her.
Okay so you've got seven earths, you've got seven Brits - you've got seven covenants, what else do you have? So one of those other words over here that we were looking at was token or signs, so if you look at the word for token or sign - over here it's called token but I prefer to call Ot over here a sign - so how many of those do you have? So you've got three of them. Here are the tokens; one, two - over here, here are the signs, so three signs. Then the last word is clouds and it turns out that are five clouds; one, two, three, four, five. Five occurrences of the word cloud or Annan over here, and these are all the five occurrences of Annan.
Okay so if you add that all up, you see what you got over here, just to summarize, here's what you have. So all in all you've got seven covenants - these are the numbers over here - you've got seven earths, you've got five clouds, you've got three tokens or signs. Now the interesting thing about all of these numbers is that - in other words, these are the numbers for those significant words that were in the center of the chiasm over here. The interesting thing about all of these numbers you'll notice an interesting quality to all of them, which is they all just happen to be odd. Now the fact that they're odd, big deal, right?
But the fact that they're odd suggests that in all odd numbers there's a central number. If you think about seven, what's the middle of seven? So the middle of seven is going to be four, because there's three on one side of four and there's three on the other, and four is the middle of seven. The fourth is the middle of seven. Again for this seven also, the fourth occurrence of earth is going to be the central occurrence of earth. Five, the middle of five, is going to be what? Three. There's two on either side of three and five. The middle of three is going to be two, there's one on either side of two. So wouldn't it be interesting - sort of inquiring minds want to know, that where would these central occurrences of each of those words appear? Where is the numeric center? Or where would you say would be the fourth covenant, where would be the fourth earth, where would be the third cloud, where would be the second token or sign? Where would that occur?
So what I want to do now is just sort of take our chiasm, our thematic chiasm, and overlay the numbers on top of that and you'll see a fascinating thing. Okay, where do these center numbers appear when superimposed over our chiasm? So here's our thematic chiasm, color coded as we saw before, and I've dotted around in yellow the center, the yellow is the center. Now let's superimpose our numbers on top of that. Okay so the first thing we have is our seven covenants - our seven Britot, and we said we were going to look at the fourth one, so the fourth one is going to be our middle, and if you look at where that middle covenant is, it's right there in the middle. Which is to say, the thematic middle, this whole yellow section over here.
Let's go to the next word right now, that would be the seven Aretzs - the seven lands, and if we look at the fourth and middle of those, it's going to be right over here, and lo and behold that's right there in the middle, in this yellow section as well. Now let's go to our next significant word which we said was the clouds, we said there were five clouds, so the third cloud is going to be the middle of those, and that's right there in that yellow section as well. Finally, we were talking about the three signs, or the three tokens, and the second and middle one of those, right over here, and that too is right there smack in the middle of this yellow section.
So fascinatingly, the numeric centers of these significant words ends up being exactly in the thematic center of our chiasm. That's what I mean by saying that the - and it's really just cute, I don't know if it really has significance, but I just think it's kind of elegant and fascinating that this thematic center, which is this yellow thing over here, that that thematic center actually has the central occurrence of all of these significant words; covenant, token or sign, earth and clouds. This area over here really is central in both a numeric and thematic kind of way. And I think that gets to the great question here, which is what is so special about the center? Seemingly that the whole essence of the rainbow revolves around this, and for our purposes, perhaps not just the essence of the rainbow revolves around this, but to the extent that we talked about before that the rainbow covenant is a mirror of the Sabbath, so to speak, in Noah's world. Perhaps this center - if this is what the rainbow is all about, perhaps that's going to shed light in some way of what the Sabbath is all about, and help us understand that as well. So we're going to come back and talk about these things, I'll see you next video.
1. Water, Water Everywhere
2. Parallel Universes
4. The Sixth Day
5. Brave New World
6. Noah's World
7. Is There a 'Sabbath' in Noah's World?
8. Sabbath Echoes
9. Rainbows Have Seven Colors
10. A Bow In the Clouds
12. Chiasms: More Than Just a Pretty Face
13. Colors of the Rainbow
14. Numeric Centers; Thematic Centers
15. Taking Stock: Where Are We Now?
16. Sabbath's Center
17. How Tiring Was It To Create a World?
18. Rest As the Purpose of Work?
19. Positive Rest
20. What If a Parent Never Lets Go?
21. Conclusion: Two Ways to Destoy a World
22. Epilogue: Why the Rainbow Covenant is a Two-Way Street (Premium)
Are you a day school educator?
We have many exciting opportunities.
Not now, just take me to the mobile website