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In the Image of God
Video 5 of 5
In other words, if you think about what the laws of the Sabbath are as we're commanded to keep it, so there's things like desist from fire, from building, from weaving, from cooking, from tanning - I mean these are all - there's 39 of these categories. If you think about all these things these are all examples of, again, what we call Melacha, which is that process of making of nature what we will. But that is distinctly creativity in the technological realm, right? There is no command to avoid intimacy between man and woman, towards having - creating children and things like that, that's not what the Sabbath is. So it's sort of interesting that you get the sense that on the sixth day what it means to be a creator is these two things, and yet the Sabbath ultimately that the Children of Israel get in Exodus, only relates to one of them, only relates to the technological realm. That seems kind of strange, what about this realm over here? Is there a Sabbath for creativity in this realm?
So here we get to a really interesting thing. You know, if we look at what we've seen thus far, these intertextual connections between these worlds; the world of the flood and the world of creation. We talked about the rainbow being a mirror of the Sabbath in Noah's world, and we talked about all those intertextual connections and language parallels that seemed to suggest that that's true, that the rainbow covenant is the expression, so to speak, of the seventh day in Noah's world. So what's kind of interesting is ask yourself this question, these particular language connections which we identified with those key words before, words like covenant, words like forever, between Me and you, that Hebrew word Kareit - to cut off or to seal, sign. These were kind of these words that appeared over and over again both in the seventh day of the Sabbath and the rainbow covenant. It would be interesting to ask, is are there any other times in the Bible where we find this same preponderance of these words? Covenant, forever, between Me and you, Kareit, sign - these kind of words, do they appear with the same kind of preponderance in any other story? The fascinating is that they kind of do.
It turns out that there is another section of text, in the Five Books of Moses, right over here, in actually Genesis Chapter 17 in the story of Abraham, where you have a story where curiously all of these same words start appearing. Here's the first of the covenants over and over again, and here's between Me and between you. All of these words which we had previously are going to show up over and over again. Covenant, sign, forever - you just look through this text and you'll actually find it. You can shut me off if you want [laughs] and actually stop the video right here and just actually look and you'll see. But I'm going to actually show it to you in Hebrew, the same words, it's just - it's remarkable, you have that same sort of preponderance in the text.
So here it is right over here, it's really kind of remarkable, these are all these words; Briti - a covenant; Beini u'beinecha - between you - between Me and you and between; Va'hakimoti … l'dorosom l'bris olam - and I haven't even told you what this is all about.
But what it actually is about is the covenant of circumcision over here. This is the only other place where you have all of these words. It sounds like you are either reading Sabbath and rainbow as you read about this circumcision covenant. And it's kind of interesting, because if you actually think about circumcision, circumcision involves the organ of actually biological creativity, and it makes you kind of wonder, does this have something to do with Sabbath? Or maybe it has to do with the idea that biological creativity can't run rampant, that there's some sort of limit to that as well?
The really interesting thing is that when you come back here to Sabbath and rainbow, remember how all of these were structured in chiastic faction? The blue is paralleling the blue over here, and the green and the yellow. I guess the really interesting question - and I'm not going to get into too much detail here, because it's going to take us out of what we're focusing on, which is really the first 12 chapters of Genesis - this is in Genesis 17. But I guess enquiring minds want to know, if there are intertextual parallels between the story of creation and the story of post-flood, and the same intertextual parallels - at least the ones that have to do with Sabbath - are going to bring you to the circumcision covenant too, so it makes you a wonder a couple things. First of all, do they continue earlier? Is there another world here? Is there like an Abraham's world here which is parallel? That just like we have the six days of creation over here paralleling in the world after the flood, is there stuff over here, do the parallels continue beyond just the circumcision covenant? That's one kind of interesting question, which I'm not going to get involved in over here.
But the other interesting question is, kind of enquiring minds want to know, if this was structured in this chiastic fashion, in that ATB"SH kind of way, and this was structured in the chiastic fashion, the ATB"SH kind of way, what about this? That other - this other covenant that seems to be have the same language, which might be sort of Sabbath in the realm of biological creativity, to mirror the actual Sabbath which is stopping from technological creativity - remember Melacha, shaping the world? So with this expression of Sabbath, if that is what it is, would that also have chiastic structure? A kind of interesting question.
So I'm glad you asked. Let's just actually look at it, read it over here. So I'm just going to read it in Hebrew, I realize it's just Hebrew, but I'm just going to show you really quickly. So just follow along with me, I'll translate. Vayipol Avram al panav vayedaber ito Elokim - Avraham fell upon his face - this is when G-d is telling him that he's going to have a child and G-d is instructing him about this covenant which he is going to have. Well look at these words over here; Vayipol Avram al panav - Abraham falling upon his face. Look at these words over here at the end of the story; Vayipol Avram al panav - once again, Abraham is falling on his face, both at the beginning of the story and the end of the story.
If we continue, what's the next thing that we have? Vayedaber ito Elokim leimor - G-d then speaks to him and says; Ani hinei briti itach - this is My covenant that's going to be with you; V'hayita l'av hamon goyim - you're going to be the father of many nations. Well is there anything at the end which reminds you of this? Well look, we have G-d speaking about Sarah, which is Abraham's wife and He says right over here; U'beirachtiha- I'm going to bless her; V'hayta l'goyim malchei amim mimenah yiheyu - there are going to be nations that come from her. So Abraham is going to father great nations and Sarah [with the 8:34] great nations.
Next thing over here; V'loh yikarei od et shimcha Avram - his name is not going to be called Abram anymore, his name is going to be Abraham. Name change from Avram to Abraham; Ki av hamon goyim netaticha - and the reason why. The question is, do we get a name change down here? The answer is, we certainly, absolutely do, a name change for Sarah. Sarai becomes Sarah. Vayomer Elokim el Avraham Sarai ishtecha lo tikrah et shemah Sarai - Sarah will no longer be called Sarai, she's going to be called Sarah.
It just keeps on going, it keeps on going. Look at the first word over here; V'hifreiti - I'm going to multiply you greatly; B'me'od me'od - look at this last word over here; Heiphar - which plays off of Hifreiti - same actual word, opposite meaning interestingly enough. Et briti heiphar - in this case you have desecrated My covenant, you've destroyed My covenant, so to flourish and to destroy with opposite kinds of meanings.
So I just want to show you - I'll just run through this really quickly, it's quite remarkable. Piece after piece after piece, you just see there's chiasms within chiasms, it's really, really something. Maybe one day later we'll get a chance to do this and look at it in depth. And there's a center right over here as well, right over here, the purple center. It really seems like this is a kind of Sabbath and the biological world. So I'm just going to sort of put it out there, you can think about it, see what you make of that.
But we're going to close out our look at the Sabbath, this unit of our section, and what we're going to come back to when we come back in our next video, is we've seen this just astounding, remarkable sets of parallels that take you all the way through the creation story in Genesis 1, and the post-flood story in Genesis Chapter 8. We spent a lot of time here talking about this, G-d's seventh day and the rainbow covenant. We're prepared to move on, and what we're going to do when we move on is ask ourselves, do these parallels continue? Which is that after you get past the seventh day can you continue reading the story of creation after the seventh day in connection with the story of the flood after the rainbow? What happens next? Do these stories continue to parallel each other after the seventh day? So what are the next events that happens after the seventh day? Do they parallel the next events that happens in Noah's world after the rainbow? That's what we're going to talk about when we pick up next time. I'll see you then.
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