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Echoes of the Future
Video 9 of 17
So I asked you to think about whether you see any connections - if you can look forward into the story of King David that's in Samuel 17, let's just flip over there for a moment. Okay so here we are in the Book of Samuel, Chapter 17, this is the very first introduction we have of David. David is not yet king, he is the child of Yishai and we are told here that Yishai has eight children, eight sons, and the youngest of them is this boy David. David is a shepherd and he has these brothers and it turns out later on in the story - you don't see that right over here - but later on in the story the brothers are really mad at him, and the brothers don’t have a great relationship with him at all. The older brothers over here they go on this trip and the younger brother stays home. David is the youngest one; Hu hakatan - and the older ones go to Saul to see what's going on with Goliath. Goliath is this enemy from the Philistines who is threatening the nation of Israel, and they all go out to the standoff between Goliath and the armies of Israel.
Meanwhile, all David is doing is he's; Ro'eh et tzon aviv - he's shepherding his father's sheep. Then his father has this great idea. Yishai. He says, you know, well why don't you go out and check and see how things are doing with your brothers? Go out and check on them. V'et achicha tifkod leshalom - and why don't you check on the welfare, check on the peace of your brothers.
So does any of this remind you of anything? Well it ought to. Right? Where have we heard this before? If you go back to the Joseph story, here again we have a shepherd, youngest of many brothers, who stays home with his father, while the brothers go on a mission. The youngest is despised by the older brothers, just like in the Joseph story. The father sends the youngest to check on the Shalom of the brothers - exactly the same language by the way in the Joseph story, when father Jacob sends Joseph to check out; Lech nah re'eh et shalom achecha v'et shalom hatzon - check on the peace of your brothers and the peace of your sheep.
But then there's actually one last connection, one sort of shocking connection that drives us forward into the Joseph story. If we go back to this text about David, listen to the last thing father Yishai says to David to take. V'et arubotom tikach - make sure to take their Orev. Now what does that mean? The commentators struggle with it, it's an unusual word. Some suggest that in context maybe it means provisions, but over here you see in the English, in the 1917 JPS, it says their pledge - take their pledge - well what does that mean, their pledge? What is a pledge? Collateral. Orev. Does that remind you of anything in the Joseph story? It does. Where do we have the idea of collateral in the Joseph story?
See what's going on here, this whole piece David sent by his father to check on his brothers, as Judah is about to emerge as king - as David actually is about to emerge as king, all of this is somehow harkening back, way back, centuries ago, to the story of Joseph and Judah. All of this is about Joseph. But this piece is about Judah. When does Judah pledge himself and become collateral? Is the Book of Samuel hinting to that moment back in Genesis? If it is, what could it mean? So come back and we'll talk about it.
1. What Does the Book of Psalms Have to Do With the Joseph Story?
2. A Curious Dedication
3. Profit Motive
4. Blood Money
5. Did Jacob Know?
6. A Father's Ambivalent Blessing
7. The Ruthlessness of War
8. The Lion and the Cub
10. To Redeem an Ancestor's Pledge
11. The Lion and the Lamb
12. Moving Up
13. Memories of Father
14. First Cries
15. Where Would I Be Without You
16. What Could Kill Me--But Then What?
17. A Palpable Presence
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