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Noah and the Vineyard
Video 18 of 21
Again, you can just color code it and actually see it in the verses. Go back to the Hebrew of the verses.
Here's the verse that gives the initial prohibition not to eat from the tree of knowledge. Let's just read it. Vayetzav Hashem Elokim al ha'adam - and G-d commanded mankind saying; Leimor mikol eitz hagan ochol tochel - from all the trees of the garden you may surely eat. U'm'eitz hada'as tov v'rah lo tochal mimenu ki bayom achalcha mimenu mot tomut - and from the tree of knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat from it, the day that you eat from it you will become mortal.
So I want to focus on three elements of this, what I'm going to call the green element over here, the pink element over here and the purple element over here. The green element is this command where G-d is commanding man, and then the pink element is the essence of the command, which is the positive part - from all the trees of the garden you shall surely eat. As we talked about when we did this the first time, when we actually looked at the story in detail, that implies that you can eat from the tree of life, right? Because the tree of life isn't explicitly mentioned, but we're told you can eat from all the trees except for one, implicitly that means you can eat from the tree of life. There's one tree that you can't eat from, what is that? That is the purple, it's the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Now watch how that gets played off at the end of the story with the corresponding verse.
Here's the Hebrew for the corresponding verse at the end of the story. After mankind has eaten from the tree, the forbidden tree, so G-d says; Vayomer Hashem Elokim hein ha'adam haya k'echad mimenu - G-d said, now man has become like one of us; Lada'at tov v'rah - to know good and evil. Now lest he stretches forth his hand; V'lakach gam m'eitz hachaim - and he eats from the tree of life, and eats it and lives forever. So if you just play off the colors, in the top the greens, G-d commands concerning the man; Vayetzav Hashem Elokim al ha'adam - G-d commands concerning Ha'adam.
Notice this Heih over here, this is the definite article. Interestingly, because it almost seems a little bit out of place at the top - and G-d commanded concerning man, you might say. But instead no, and G-d commanded concerning THE man. That Heih gets played off right here at the bottom - where is it? Right over here. See. Vayomer Hashem Elokim -and G-d says; hein ha'adam - now THE man - right? This THE man plays off this THE man. Here G-d commanded concerning THE man not eat from the trees, and now G-d says about THE man well we have to banish him from Eden.
Continuing now into the pink. Here's the positive command that you can eat from all trees. As we talked about before that implicitly permits the tree of life. The tree of life is one of those. Now, we have the tree of life in particular mentioned down here. Now that mankind has eaten from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, whoa, what happens if you eat from the tree of life, we can't allow from that, so now the tree of life is off limits. So what was implicitly permitted over here is now explicitly prohibited over here.
Now let's get to the purples. U'm'eitz hada'as tov v'rah - in the original command you can't eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Over here it's because you've eaten from the tree of knowledge of good and evil that you're now not allowed to eat from the tree of life. So there's very elegant interweaving between the themes - the three themes in the verse over here at the top of the story being mirrored over here at the verse at the bottom of the story. Again, that's right here in the middle - that's right here it's going to be element B in our chiasm, all trees are permitted including the tree of life, but not the tree of knowledge at the top. Mirrored by man has eaten from the tree of knowledge now the tree of life can't be permitted.
Okay so now let's move on, let's consider the next phrases at each end of our story, what we're going to be looking for is a C element. We've talked about element A and element B, and at the bottom of the chiasm we have element A' and B'. Now we're going to be looking for an element C, it's going to be something over here and something over here that mirror each other. Can you find the element C? Something after this business about the trees being permitted, which trees are permitted and which trees are prohibited and something before mankind being banished because he's eaten from the tree of knowledge, and now the tree of life can't be permitted. So what are those elements?
The answer is the naming of woman. That's the next thing that happens over here. Interestingly, remember Eve gets two names. She's originally called Woman, and over here she's called Eve, and as we're going to see, these two names of woman are going to be the next phase - phase C in the story. Let's take a look at that.
Okay so you can see it right over here with this verse on top of the screen, which is when Eve gets her first name, not Eve, but Woman. Lezot yikareh isha ki mei'ish lukchah zot - mankind declares that Eve was taken from him and therefore she's going to be called Isha which literally means from Ish, from man; Ki mei'ish lukchah zot. The verse then [unclear 6:08] after that describe; Al kein ya'azav ish et aviv v'et imo - that's why man leaves his mother and his father and clings to his wife and becomes one flesh because he senses that she was taken from him. She is his lost feminine side. After that, the verse here in red; Va'yihiyu sheneihem arumim ha'adam v'ishto v'loh yitboshashu - they're both naked, man and his wife weren't embarrassed.
All of those elements, the purple element and the red element are going to get paralleled by the corresponding phrase at the bottom of the story, which is after the whole sin of eating from the tree of knowledge so Eve gets another name. Vayikra ha'adam shem ishto Chava - he called her name Eve; Ki hi haytah eim kol chay - because she is the mother of all living flesh. So in other words what's happening in both cases you have the naming of the woman followed by the reason for the name. In this case; Ki mei'ish lukchah zot - because she was taken from man. In this case because she is the mother of all living things. And in both cases after you have the naming of woman you have this business about nakedness. Here naked and they were not ashamed, here they were naked and were ashamed and therefore G-d made them clothes.
Right? So at the top, woman named Isha and the reason why. At the bottom, woman named Chava and the reason why. Plus nakedness doesn't require clothes at the top, and at the bottom, nakedness does require clothes. So let's put that in over here as element C and C', which is woman gets named and no clothes required, woman gets named, clothes required.
Now the question is, what's the next piece? Where is there D in this chiasm? So I want you to look and see can you find an element that happens after woman gets named the first time and before woman gets named the second time, which we will call element D? Two versions of it, D and D'? See what you find, and let's come back and discuss it.
1. The Generations of Heaven and Earth
2. Before the Rain and After the Flood
3. Splitting the Garden
4. Generations of What?
5. Of Rivers and Nations
6. The Vineyard, Introduced
7. God Begins; Noah Begins
8. The Vineyard and the Garden
9. Conflict of Interest
10. Two Hands at the Piano
11. What Cham Did
12. Why Cham Did It
13. The Vineyard's Center
14. What You Know Might Hurt You
15. Why the Drunk Walks the Line
16. The Big Picture
17. Chiasm in the Garden?
18. Chiasm in the Garden II
19. The Center of the Garden
20. The Mysteries of Imperfect Chiasms
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